LAWS IN AN ISLAMIC STATE

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i) Those who do not establish a rule according to the Book of Allah are infidels (5:44); subservience to any other rule is not right. Surah A'raaf says: (7:3)

 "(O Jamaa'atul Mu'mineen) Follow only that which has been revealed to you by your Rabb and do not follow any friends and protectors other than Him. (The subservience to Divine Laws and not of any human being is the real freedom), but very few keep this reality in mind."


ii) This Book, the Quran, is clear and explicit (5:15) 

 

"Light from Allah has come to you in the form of a perspicuous Book". It means that the Book is clear and revealing. It is very easy to follow (54:32) 


"In reality We have made this Quran very easy for taking guidance". It does not contain any disputative matter. Allah says: (4:82)


 "Do they not reflect upon the Quran Were it from anyone other than Allah, they would surely have found therein plenty of contradictions". To be free of any discrepancy is in itself a proof of its having been revealed by Allah. Not only that it does not contain any controversial matter, it has the capacity to stand as a judge, in order to decide on controversial matters. The very aim of revealing Books from Allah was to decide all disagreements amongst human beings. (2:213) 

"And to them (the Rasools) He sent the Book in truth, to judge between people in matters wherein they differed."


iii) As a code of guidance this book is complete as well as immutable: (6:116)


 "The Laws of thy Rabb do find their fulfilment in truth and justice. None can change His Laws, for He is the One Who hears and knows every-thing".


iv) In it there are certain laws (the details of) which have been determined and for others guidance has been provided only in principle. The determined laws shall be enforced as such. As far as those laws are concerned where only the principles are given, an Islamic State shall frame details thereof staying within the parameters of these principles according to the needs of their time. These principles shall remain immutable but the rules framed under their guidance shall be liable to change in accordance with the exigencies of advancing times. This is the expedience, on the basis of which Allah did not determine the by-laws Himself. If it had so happened, these laws could not remain consistent with the exigencies of time, and that could render the working of the way of life prescribed by Him, impracticable. The Book that was intended to remain a code of guidance for all times and for all men, had to be thus, i.e. the principles should be immutable and detailed applicatory by-laws changeable with the change of time. Only this blend of permanence and change could keep the system permanently practicable through all times. This reality has been clarified by saying:(5:101-102) 


"O you who believe! (what is necessary for the guidance of mankind has been given through revelation and is prescribed in the Quran). Do not probe into that which has not been revealed (because if We fix up their details, they shall become immutable. And when they shall not be able to cope with the needs of time, you shall be put into difficulty because you shall not be able to accomplish them). The same shall happen if We disclose such matters during the descent of revelation. Thus you should particularly keep it in mind; We forgive all that has happened before. You ought to be careful in future. If you had forgotten or had fallen into error, there is a scope in the Laws of Allah for forgiveness of failings in small matters. You are given the warning because before this a nation (Israelites) had started asking such questions (2:108). As a result they had put so many limitation and restrictions upon themselves that it became difficult for them to accomplish them and having been fed up with these details, they forsook the real 'Deen' itself."


It is apparent that the commandments and laws determined in the Quran shall be put into practice gradually according to the conditions of the society, and thus the society shall be brought to the required standard step by step. But it shall not be allowed that you pick up some injunctions of the Quran according to your own liking and take these up along with other un-Quranic injunctions and name the mixture of these two as Islamic Code of Laws", this is also infidelity Kufar. The Jews also used to behave in that way, on account of which they were warned as follows: (2:85)


 "Do you then believe in a part of the book and reject the rest But what shall be the recompense for those among you who behave like this, except disgrace in this life, and on the Day of Judgment they shall be consigned to the most grievous chastisement".

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